What Can We Do?

Ways to deal with anxiety about the world and take action

Rex Weyler

Photo by Jennifer Woodard Maderazo CC, cropped from original

At the University of Minnesota, Dr. Nate Hagens teaches an honours course called “Reality 101: A Survey of the Human Predicament.” Hagens operated his own hedge fund on Wall Street until he glimpsed “a serious disconnect between capitalism, growth, and the natural world. Money did not appear to bring wealthy clients more well being.” Hagens became editor of The Oil Drum, and now sits on the Board of the Post Carbon Institute and the Institute for Integrated Economic Research.

Reality 101 addresses humanity’s tough challenges: economic decline, inequality, pollution, biodiversity loss, and war. Students learn about systems ecology, neuroscience, and economics. “We ask hard questions,” says Hagens. “What is wealth? What are the limits to growth? We attempt to face our crisis head on.”

Some students feel inspired to action, and some report finding the material “depressing.” One student shared the course material with a family member, who asked, “So what can I do?” The student struggled to answer this question, and the listener chastised her: “Why did you explain all this to me, if you can’t tell me what to do?!”

A fair question. Hagens asked me for my list of “What can we do?” which I present below.

What can we do?

I have been asking this question all of my adult life. As I’ve witnessed the crisis intensify, I’ve experienced feelings of panic, anger, and helplessness. Nevertheless, I also feel at peace. I love my family and friends, I enjoy life in my community, and love my time in the natural world. Here are some of the ways I believe we can deal with anxiety about the world and take action:

1. Stay active. It can feel good to simply resist the destructive acts of governments and corporations, to stand up for the dispossessed, abused, and for the natural world. Caring about others can be the greatest gift to one’s own soul and peace of mind.

2. Localize: Even as I engage in global battles, my life revolves around family, neighbours, friends, and finding ways to help strengthen my community. Protect your region, protect a local river, a lake, or a local habitat. I believe that most genuine “solutions” that matter will appear at a community-in-habitat level.


  • Build community cohesion with communication, events, joy, sharing, etc.
  • Preserve and restore local ecosystems, protect wild places.
  • Teach, educate, learn, share information
  • Find local energy systems
  • Plant gardens, grow food
  • Learn localized community health care

3. Accept complexity: The question, “What can I do?” typically seeks a linear answer to a complex, whole-system challenge. “What can I do?” often wants a “solution” for a “problem.” This sort of linear thinking helped create the predicament we’re in. Changing a complex living system is not a linear, mechanistic “solution.” We have to remain humble in this struggle. We are small. Life is short. Nature is expansive, complex, and long.

4. Love and trust nature: Spend time in the natural world without trying to “fix” it. Sit with wildness and absorb it, love it, and respect it. Apprentice yourself to nature, and what you learn will help when you engage in the human realm to defend that wildness. Trust nature. She will be fine. Humans will not “destroy the Earth.” We cause harm to the biosphere, drive species to extinction, and alter Earth’s climate, but we cannot touch the regenerative power of wild nature. Earth will be fine.

5. “Sharpen the sword”: This is a Buddhist precept. You are the sword. You are the tool that you take into battle. Keep the tool sharp. Be prepared. In Buddhism, the sharpening comes from meditation and acts of compassion. There are other methods. Yoga, art, worship of the mystery. We sharpen the sword by working on ourselves, making ourselves better human beings and therefore better agents of change. In my experience, the weakest links in social movements are the ego mistakes: pride, wanting credit, wanting fame, wanting to be admired, wanting power, and so forth. When we sharpen the sword, we quiet our own ego so that we become a calming influence rather than a source of anxiety for others.

These five principles are the bedrock for me. And still, this is just the beginning, because once we unlock the confidence to act, and as we turn out to the world, the more challenging work begins:

Part I: Work in the world:

We may benefit if we simultaneously hold two extremes of action:

  1. The big, universal movements for ecology and justice, and
  2. The daily, personal actions that help slightly and make us better examples to others.

The big, universal movements: The priorities of action will not likely be the priorities of status quo society. Humanity is in a state of ecological overshoot, and all pathways out of overshoot require contraction. Few institutions like contraction or simplicity, or reversing the scale of human activity. Technology can provide benefits, but there are no technologies that eliminate the ecological requirement of contraction to heal the biological foundation of our civilization. Here is my priority list:

1. Consumption: Find ways to help reduce consumption. Reducing consumption is imperative, and of course, this has to start with the frivolous, wasteful consumption of the rich world. Some ideas:

  • Start a campaign to reduce extravagant travel
  • Lobby for heavy tax incentives to slow indulgent, leisure consumption
  • Transform the idea of “fashion.” Make modesty the new fashion statement
  • Organize your community to recycle and repair everything
  • Help popularize modest consumption, simple lifestyles.
  • Start a campaign for shoppers to leave all packaging at the stores

2. Population: Find ways to help stabilize and reduce human population. Some human rights activists fear that population efforts might violate human rights, but crowding already erodes human rights. Humans and our livestock now comprise 96% of all mammal biomass on Earth. There are limits. All we need to do is reduce the human growth rate from +1% per year to -1% per year, mostly by ending unwanted pregnancies. Reversing human sprawl makes life better for everyone and shows respect for all life. The most graceful and effective strategies to stabilize and reduce the growth rate are simple and have other social benefits:

  • Help establish universal women’s rights, especially the right to plan pregnancy and childbirth
  • Campaign for universally available contraception
  • Help overcome the fear and taboo about discussing the human population growth rate
  • Help popularize smaller families and family planning

3. Energy: Find ways to help reduce energy demand, reduce fossil fuel use, and support renewable energy.

4. Militarism: Campaign to end militarism and weapons industries in all forms at every level.

These are the Big Four: Consumption, Population, Petroleum fuels, and Militarism remain the major drivers of our ecological crisis. The underlying psychological drivers may be greed, fear and ignorance.

Meanwhile, there are hundreds, thousands of interconnected issues that need attention.

  • Reduce meat consumption through taxes and changing public attitudes
  • Support and preserve the cultures and lifestyles among Indigenous and modest farmer communities
  • Campaign to limit corporate power in politics
  • Campaign to publicly fund universities, all education, to limit corporate corruption of education
  • Start an economic de-growth group. Campaign to create a new economic system in your community, your state, your county, your nation, your company, your family.
  • Start a school for the homeless and disenfranchised; teach localized, useful skills, gardening, tool repairs
  • Create community gardens
  • Study and create energy systems that can be built, operated, and maintained locally
  • Campaign to consume only locally produced products; reduce the energy cost of transported goods
  • Start or join campaigns to preserve ecosystems, rivers, lakes, forests, biodiversity, non-human habitats
  • Help restore damaged ecosystems
  • Open or join a clinic and begin to research localized, small-scale health care
  • Lobby governments to create walking neighbourhoods, ban autos from city centres, create public transit projects, and make cities serve community
  • Start a company that uses local resources and local skills to create useful locally consumed tools and resources
  • Start a “free store” in your community, where people can drop off used goods, and pick up useful used items they may need
  • Start a local support group or psychology practice and begin to learn and support community therapy; build community trust; help others deal with depression and anxiety. The best therapy is a friend
  • Legal support: Are you a lawyer, or do you want to be? Could you work as a para-legal? Start a practice to defend ecology activists, and start class action lawsuits against corporations that pollute
  • Start or join a campaign to impose carbon taxation and other pollution charges on dangerous products; lobby for resource depletion fees, true cost pricing, and import tariffs on ecologically dangerous goods
  • Start or join a campaign to achieve whatever is close and dear to your heart

Part II: Personal lifestyle

Even if we suspect that small, personal actions may not shift the world, those actions count. Your personal actions become a model for others, and the personal lifestyle changes of individuals add up. These actions will bring you closer to nature, closer to yourself, and closer to friends and allies, who share your beliefs and concerns.

Grow food, plant gardens, learn horticulture, grow herbs, plant fruit trees. Spend as much time in wild nature as possible, pay attention, observe, contemplate.

Fix everything. Have a fix-it shop with tools and supplies. Fix things for your family, friends and neighbours. Teach others how to fix things. Repair clothes. Share everything you can. Help others trust in sharing. Create community cohesion by organizing ways to share resources, tools, or public land.

Stand up to bullies in every possible way; don’t let individuals, corporations, or governments bully you, your family, or your neighbours. You can do this with kindness and grace, and with inner strength. Find ways to use your training, career, or job to further ecological and social justice goals. Promote recycling, sharing, and modest consumption in your workplace.

Create art, music, theatre, dance; artistic work can express human creativity without frivolous consumption; art builds self-confidence and leads to creative interaction with others.

Accept that there is no miracle technology that is going to allow us to continue living this endless growth, high consumption, self-indulgent, expanding population, fossil-fueled, presumptuous, human-centred life. Change is inevitable. Simplicity is the new “progress.” Accept it and be at peace with that.

Accept that “the world” is a complex living system, made from living subsystems out of your control. Let go of “changing the world” with human cleverness, and be content to influence your community and ecosystems where you can.

Create discussion groups, in person and online, about all of these actions. Help others feel comfortable living simpler lives, taking action, and building a genuinely sustainable future world. Help re-establish terms such as the common good, the public interest, and collective benefit back into political and social discourse.

Get creative about helping. Talk with friends and colleagues. Invent new ways to contribute to the principles of slower consumption, smaller populations, cooperative communities, peace, and restored ecosystems.

Find a spiritual practice that helps you calm down and see the world with more compassion and patience, and that helps you appreciate the more-than-human world.

Educate yourself, forever. Educate yourself about wild nature, evolution, and complexity. The issues are complex, non-linear, and linked. Learn how complex living systems actually work.

Accept that the universe is beyond comprehension, but continue the effort to comprehend.

There are many actions we can take to help. Take your pick. They all count. Teach them. Discuss them. Add to the list.

A companion reading list for this article is available here

Rex Weyler is is an author and cofounder of Greenpeace International. See links to books, music, and his Deep Green column at www.rexweyler.ca.

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